Rwanda: Integrated Food Security Analysis, Season B Green Harvest Stabilizes Food Availability in Rural Areas, May 2021 – Rwanda
The season B green bean and Irish potato harvest has maintained food availability in rural areas, stabilizing food prices and easing the short lean season. In the Northern Province, the farm gate price of Irish potatoes fell from 270 RWF / kg in April to 250 RWF / kg in May due to the new harvest. Overall, the availability of Irish potatoes, green beans, vegetables and other inter-seasonal crops (sweet potato, cassava and banana) leads to minimal results (IPC Phase 1) among rural households. However, heavy rains in early May contributed to flooding and landslides that affected 6,500 people and destroyed 300 hectares of crops. Further flooding is likely to impact the B season harvest in June, especially for beans.
About 350,000 people have received at least one dose of COVID-19 vaccine since vaccinations began on March 3, 2021. The current plan is to immunize 60 percent of the population by the end of 2022. Control measures COVID-19 eased further in early May with the business operations curfew shortening by one hour from 9 p.m. to 4 a.m. Transit capacity has also increased to 75 percent. The easing of restrictions is expected to continue to improve income opportunities and household purchasing power, especially in urban areas, by maintaining minimum results at the zone level (IPC Phase 1). However, in identified hotspots such as Nyanza, Gisagaha and Huye in Southern Province, movement restrictions between 7:00 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. and the capacity of 30% of business activities continue to limit localized income opportunities.
According to the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR), the prices of food and non-alcoholic beverages in April 2021 decreased by 3.2% monthly in rural areas, but increased by 0.5% in rural areas. urban. Each year, April 2021 prices increased by 0.1% and 1.2% respectively in rural and urban areas compared to prices last year. In rural areas, the monthly price declines were driven by a 5.2 and 2.3 percent drop in the prices of “ vegetables ” and “ bread and cereals ”, respectively, due to the abnormally high availability of season A stocks and current access to season B vegetables. Nationally, the consumer price index declined 0.9% from March 2021, mainly due to a 2.1% drop in the prices of “food and non-alcoholic beverages”.
To mitigate the effects of the 60 percent reduction in assistance to refugees due to lack of funding, WFP and UNHCR have put in place a new targeting mechanism that prioritizes general food assistance to refugees. the most vulnerable. According to the new criteria, refugees classified as “ very vulnerable and most in need ” will receive a full ration of food aid, “ moderately vulnerable but still in need ” will be entitled to rations of 50 percent , while the “ least vulnerable ” refugees will not. be eligible to receive food aid. While this approach will provide some respite for beneficiaries, the results of the area-level crisis (IPC phase 3) among the estimated 125,700 refugees are likely to continue, as opportunities to earn income outside of the camps are limited. by COVID-19 restrictions.