Sudan: Darfur – UNAMID withdrawal completed as “liquidation phase” begins
Khartoum / Darfur – The African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) will complete its withdrawal exercise tomorrow (June 30, 2021), as requested by United Nations Security Council resolution 2559 (2020), which end of the Mission’s mandate at the end of last year.
A statement released by the Mission today notes that “in the past four months, UNAMID has handed over 14 team sites to the government, which has pledged to use them for civilian purposes in accordance with the agreement. framework signed on March 4, 2021. The facilities are to be used for health care, education and other social services, including vocational training and community centers, as identified by community members. “
“Good coordination and cooperation with the Government of Sudan has been essential to meet the tight schedule and benchmarks set by the Security Council for the withdrawal period. Likewise, it will be important for the government to ensure the protection of the logistics base and repatriation. remaining staff to facilitate a smooth liquidation phase, ”said UN Assistant Secretary-General M’Baye Babacar Cissé, who was responsible for overseeing the withdrawal period, managing the repatriation of staff and property , to transfer the sites of the teams to the local authorities and to dialogue with the government on relevant issues.
The statement emphasizes that “although it is the responsibility of the central government to ensure the security and protection of the sites, the governments of the states of Darfur remain responsible for ensuring that the facilities are used as intended.”
As previously reported by Radio Dabanga, persistent insecurity in Darfur, often attributed in part to the vacuum created by the withdrawal of UNAMID, means that the practical arrangements for handing over sites and facilities have not always gone as planned.
On June 5, two people were killed and eight others were injured during the looting of a former UNAMID site in Shangil Tobaya, a locality of Dar El Salaam, south of El Fasher in North Darfur.
The site was handed over to the government of Sudan on May 25. It was the last of 14 deep field sites handed over to the Sudanese government. At the time, the Government of North Darfur and the Government of the Sudan Joint Task Force strongly reaffirmed their commitment to ensure civilian use of the former site.
Since the mission ended its mandate at the end of last year, various ex-UNAMID sites handed over to local authorities to serve as schools or training centers have since been looted.
In February, a site in Saraf Omra, north Darfur, which was intended to be used as a vocational training center was looted and “leveled” just weeks after it was handed over to the Sudanese government.
UN Secretary-General António Guterres publicly condemned the looting at the time and said: “At a time when the needs of the community in Sudan are increasingly pressing, the site was intended to serve as a professional formation center ; unknown assailants missed this opportunity ”.
Today’s statement says that so far UNAMID, as part of its withdrawal, has provided communities in Darfur with 193 vehicles, including 27 water and sewer trucks and 196 generators. The Mission also donated its clinic in Zalingei as well as medical facilities in Nyala and Kabkabiya for the use of local communities.
However, the statement acknowledges that “due to its size, both in terms of personnel and assets, as well as its geographic footprint, UNAMID faced challenges during the withdrawal period, but was able to undertake it without major incidents ”.
As the Mission enters its liquidation phase, which is expected to last another year, important tasks remain to be accomplished, such as the transition and handing over of the El Fasher camp to the Darfur authorities, the cession of the remaining assets, the ‘completion of environmental clean-up and reclamation, disposal of hazardous materials, including obsolete ammunition, and repatriation of civilian and uniformed equipment and personnel.
As authorized by the Security Council, the Mission, in its one-year liquidation phase scheduled to begin July 1, 2021, will maintain a guard unit made up of 363 formed police units to protect personnel, facilities and property. United Nations inside the logistics base of El Fasher. At the same time, the Sudanese joint forces will continue to be deployed outside the base, under the leadership of the Government of the Sudan and in close coordination with the UNAMID liquidation team. These forces will have a shared responsibility for securing the perimeter of the base, ensuring the safety and security of UN personnel, and ensuring that convoys of contingent-owned goods and equipment can proceed without incident. .
While UNAMID completed its mandate on December 31, 2020 and withdrawal on July 1, 2021 and is now in a full-blown liquidation phase, the UN is not leaving Sudan. UNAMID regularly coordinated with the United Nations Integrated Mission for Transition Assistance in Sudan (UNITAMS) and the United Nations Country Team (UNCT), sharing best practices and lessons learned from its work. in Darfur in order to consolidate and intensify the gains made in the consolidation of peace. , concludes the statement.
During UNAMID’s 13-year tenure, more than 100,000 peacekeepers and peacekeepers have been contributed by dozens of countries around the world. At its peak of deployment in 2011, it numbered nearly 23,000 troops and police.
At the start of the withdrawal period in January 2021, 7,000 military, police and civilians were yet to be separated and repatriated, and more than 6,000 are now repatriated.
UNAMID, one of the largest peacekeeping operations in United Nations history, has created a secure environment in Darfur and will come away with a track record of achievements in protecting civilians, especially people. internally displaced persons, community stabilization and rule of law support. , the provision of humanitarian aid as well as support for the implementation of the peace process. The Mission also worked to empower women; fight against sexual and gender-based violence; protect and promote human rights; and contributed to the fight against COVID-19.
Facts and figures
Protection of civilians
– 38,000 peacekeeping patrols carried out each year to protect hundreds of thousands of internally displaced persons.
– 120 meetings, dialogue forums and peace campaigns with farmers and nomadic herders to reduce inter-community violence, promote peaceful coexistence and facilitate the amicable use of scarce shared natural resources.
– More than 500 quick impact projects have been implemented in Darfur, of which 94 boreholes and water points have been established in hotspots.
– Rehabilitation of classrooms, construction of parquet floors, community security and control of small arms, supply of solar panels and creation of temporary jobs for young people at risk.
State Liaison Functions (SLF)
– 46 million USD allocated to the SLF in 2 years.
– 10 United Nations agencies, funds and programs participated in the programming of the SLF.
– US $ 1.9 million allocated by UNAMID / UNCT for the response to COVID-19 in fiscal year 2019/20 – SLF 4
– Training of trainers workshops and awareness sessions on COVID-19.
– Over 30 different types of PPE donated to communities in Darfur (goggles, gloves, masks, etc.)
Police and rule of law
– 45 Sudanese police stations / stations, 15 prosecution offices, 19 district courts, 14 prisons and 14 rural courts to support the police services, the administration of justice and fight against inter-community conflicts and crime.
– More than 1,300 released former child soldiers who have been registered by the Sudanese Commission for Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (SDDRC) in Darfur.
– 11,000 ex-combatants were demobilized and benefited from reintegration packages.
– 54 women’s protection networks supported in the five states of Darfur that provide real-time information as first responders to security threats, including incidents of physical assault, rape, murder and kidnapping on the field to the security apparatus, for a quick response.
– 120 women were brought to the Juba peace talks from Darfur.
– 14 team projects delivered in less than 4 months.
– 5 team sites looted, 3 team sites facing crime.
– 7,000 people at the start of the draw. 6,000 separated / repatriated.
– 363 police officers will remain with the guard unit during the liquidation period.
– 103 SLF activities remained to be implemented in January, 28 basic programmatic projects.
– 99 UNAMID staff were integrated into AFP to support implementation (upon withdrawal.
– The COE of 5 contingents was sent / returned to their country of origin (2 Jordanian FPU, Senegalese FPU, Kenyan military police unit).
– 60 WCC trucks leave the logistics base / day on their way to Port Sudan.